We describe here an approach for the fluorometric monitoring of population activity in neurons in live mice combined with the activation of optogenetic actuators in vivo. In this protocol, a thin multimode fiber, which is used for both delivering excitation light and collecting emitted fluorescence signals, is inserted into the skull of a mouse. When combined with multicell bolus loading of Ca(2+) indicators, this optical fiber and its associated fluorescence detection system can be used for the in vivo recording of brain Ca(2+) signals from a local cluster of coactive neurons. The fiber can also be used for the optogenetic stimulation of light-activated ion channels, such as channelrhodopsin-2, allowing the monitoring of local calcium signals evoked by optogenetic stimulation.
© 2014 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.