Background: Crohn disease is still incurable. Compounds with anti-inflammatory and/or antioxidative effects are tested in various preclinical models of the disease. Our aim was to investigate the effects of sildenafil and lazaroid U-74389G in an experimental rat model of trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid-induced colitis.
Materials and methods: Trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid was instilled into the colon of all male Wistar rats except for the rats belonging to the first group. For 6 days, the animals in group 3 were administered daily sildenafil orally, the rats in group 4 were administered daily U-74389G intravenously, and the rats in group 5 were coadministered daily sildenafil orally and intravenous U-74389G. The rats in groups 1 and 2 were not administered any treatment. During the study, the weights were recorded as a marker of clinical condition. The colon damage was evaluated using macroscopic colon mucosal damage index (CMDI), microscopic (Geboes score), and biochemical methods (tissue tumor necrosis factor [TNF]-α and malondialdehyde [MDA]).
Results: Sildenafil reduced TNF-α tissue levels and increased body weight. U-74389G reduced TNF-α, the macroscopic index of mucosal damage score (CMDI) and increased body weight. The combined treatment with sildenafil and U-74389G reduced tissue levels of both TNF-α and MDA, lowered CMDI and microscopic Geboes score, and increased body weight.
Conclusions: U-74389G demonstrated a significant anti-inflammatory activity related to its ability to reduce colonic TNF-α, CMDI score, and improve weight change. We confirmed that sildenafil has anti-inflammatory capacity by reducing colonic TNF-α and by improving body weight. Finally, the combined treatment showed superior effects by reducing colonic TNF-α, colonic MDA, CMDI score, Geboes score, and by improving weight.
Keywords: Lazaroid U-74389G; MDA; Sildenafil; TNBS-induced colitis; TNF-α.
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