Trajectory of physical health, cognitive status, and psychological well-being among Chinese elderly

Arch Gerontol Geriatr. Jan-Feb 2015;60(1):168-77. doi: 10.1016/j.archger.2014.09.001. Epub 2014 Sep 16.


This study investigates the trajectory of various dimensions of health status among the Chinese elderly in their late years. We used growth-curve analyses on a subsample (n≈2000) of the elderly from the Chinese Longitudinal Health Longevity Survey (CLHLS) who had longitudinal information from 1998 to 2005. Analyses controlled for a large set of individual and family characteristics. Our findings indicate that elderly who had relatively advantaged childhood socioeconomic status (SES) and who regularly engaged in physical and/or leisure activities had significantly healthier well-being than their respective counterparts on all dimensions considered. In addition, regularly participating in physical and/or leisure activities was associated with slow deterioration of health well-being among the Chinese elderly. The results indicate the potential benefits of engaging in physical and/or leisure activities, and consequently, the importance of implementing programs that promote such activities among elders in China.

Keywords: Aging; CLHLS; China; Elderly; Growth-curve analysis; Longitudinal study.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Asians / psychology*
  • China
  • Cognition / physiology*
  • Female
  • Health Status*
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Leisure Activities
  • Longevity
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Mental Health*
  • Middle Aged
  • Personal Satisfaction
  • Quality of Life
  • Social Class
  • Surveys and Questionnaires