Background: Inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) is recommended in the management of patients with asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease overlap syndrome (ACOS), but its effectiveness has not been clearly proved.
Objective: To evaluate whether ICS has effects on outcomes of ACOS.
Methods: In this observational 12-year retrospective cohort study involving 125 patients with ACOS from Seoul National University Hospital, the annual rate of decrease in forced expiration volume in 1 second, the incidence rate of severe exacerbation, and overall mortality in an ICS-treated group were compared with those in a non-ICS-treated group.
Results: Of 125 patients with ACOS, 90 and 35 were categorized to the ICS and non-ICS treatment groups, respectively. There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in the annual rate of decrease in forced expiration volume in 1 second (9.61 mL/year in ICS treatment group vs 15.68 mL/year in non-ICS treatment group, P = .598). Compared with the non-ICS treatment group, the ICS treatment group did not show a decrease in the risk of severe exacerbation (adjusted incidence rate ratio 1.24, 95% confidence interval 0.44-3.46). Time to death also did not differ between the 2 groups. Even when analyses with propensity score matching were performed, the results were similar.
Conclusion: In the management of ACOS, the use of ICS was not significantly associated with improvements in the annual rate of decrease in forced expiration volume in 1 second, the incidence of severe exacerbations, and overall mortality compared with the non-ICS treatment group.
Copyright © 2014 American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.