One-pot synthesis of indenonaphthopyrans catalyzed by copper(II) triflate: a comparative study of reflux and ultrasound methods

Acta Chim Slov. 2014;61(3):623-8.


An effective and environment-friendly protocol for the synthesis of indenonaphthopyrans has been developed by one-pot reaction of 2-naphthol, various aromatic aldehydes and 1,3-indandione, in the presence of copper(II) triflate as the catalyst while using reflux (Method A) and ultrasound (Method B). The Method B approach offers the advantages of a simple reaction method, short reaction time, excellent yield, and showcases the economic importance of the catalysts for such processes.