An empirical analysis of suicidal death trends in India: a 5 year retrospective study

J Forensic Leg Med. 2014 Oct;27:29-34. doi: 10.1016/j.jflm.2014.07.007. Epub 2014 Aug 8.


Suicide, a major problem worldwide, continues to be a criminal offence in most of the developing countries of the world, including India. This paper retrospectively examines the latest trends and the relevant determinants of the suicidal deaths in one of the most important city of central India- Nagpur of Maharashtra state, carried out for a period of 5 years i.e. 2009-2013. Total 2036 cases were analyzed. An alarmingly increasing trend in the rate of suicides has been observed in the region, which increased from 16% to 22.68% during the study period. The male to female suicide ratio was found to be 2.50:1. The rate of suicidal deaths ranged from 15.34 to 21.74 per 100,000 populations. Hanging was found to be the most preferred mean adopted for suicide by males (54.77%) and females (47.65%), while, Family problems was the most common cause of suicide among both male (38.25%) and female (52.65%). The Suicides were concentrated in the age group of 30-44 years for males (35.76%), while in the age group of 15-29 years for females (51.75%). The prevalence was higher among the people who were married, being as high as 1099 (66.73%) males and 372 (56.45%) females. Highest trend has been found among the people with matriculate/secondary education level. The males with job in private sector accounted for 1007 suicides (61.14%) and 434 (65.86%) females in the category of housewives (non-working, homemakers) committed the same.

Keywords: Drowning; Forensic; Hanging; Self-immolation; Suicide.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Distribution
  • Asphyxia / mortality
  • Educational Status
  • Family Conflict
  • Female
  • Humans
  • India / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Marital Status / statistics & numerical data
  • Neck Injuries / mortality
  • Occupations / statistics & numerical data
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sex Distribution
  • Suicide / statistics & numerical data
  • Suicide / trends*
  • Young Adult