Mapping of transcription factor motifs in active chromatin identifies IRF5 as key regulator in classical Hodgkin lymphoma

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Oct 21;111(42):E4513-22. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1406985111. Epub 2014 Oct 6.


Deregulated transcription factor (TF) activities are commonly observed in hematopoietic malignancies. Understanding tumorigenesis therefore requires determining the function and hierarchical role of individual TFs. To identify TFs central to lymphomagenesis, we identified lymphoma type-specific accessible chromatin by global mapping of DNaseI hypersensitive sites and analyzed enriched TF-binding motifs in these regions. Applying this unbiased approach to classical Hodgkin lymphoma (HL), a common B-cell-derived lymphoma with a complex pattern of deregulated TFs, we discovered interferon regulatory factor (IRF) sites among the top enriched motifs. High-level expression of the proinflammatory TF IRF5 was specific to HL cells and crucial for their survival. Furthermore, IRF5 initiated a regulatory cascade in human non-Hodgkin B-cell lines and primary murine B cells by inducing the TF AP-1 and cooperating with NF-κB to activate essential characteristic features of HL. Our strategy efficiently identified a lymphoma type-specific key regulator and uncovered a tumor promoting role of IRF5.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Motifs
  • Animals
  • B-Lymphocytes / cytology
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Lineage
  • Chemokines / metabolism
  • Chemotaxis
  • Chromatin / metabolism*
  • Cytokines / metabolism
  • Deoxyribonuclease I / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
  • Hodgkin Disease / genetics*
  • Hodgkin Disease / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Inflammation
  • Interferon Regulatory Factors / metabolism*
  • Leukocytes, Mononuclear / cytology
  • Lymphoma / metabolism
  • Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / metabolism
  • Mice
  • NF-kappa B / metabolism
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
  • Plasmids / metabolism
  • Spleen / cytology
  • Transcription Factor AP-1 / metabolism*


  • Chemokines
  • Chromatin
  • Cytokines
  • IRF5 protein, human
  • Interferon Regulatory Factors
  • NF-kappa B
  • Transcription Factor AP-1
  • Deoxyribonuclease I

Associated data

  • GEO/GSE51717
  • GEO/GSE51719
  • GEO/GSE51726
  • GEO/GSE51813