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Comparative Study
. 2015 Feb;24(1):37-41.
doi: 10.1097/ID.0000000000000167.

Soft Tissue Biological Response to Zirconia and Metal Implant Abutments Compared With Natural Tooth: Microcirculation Monitoring as a Novel Bioindicator

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Comparative Study

Soft Tissue Biological Response to Zirconia and Metal Implant Abutments Compared With Natural Tooth: Microcirculation Monitoring as a Novel Bioindicator

Norihiro Kajiwara et al. Implant Dent. .

Abstract

Introduction: Zirconia is often used for implant abutments for esthetics. The aim of this clinical study was to compare the effects of zirconia and metal abutments on periimplant soft tissue.

Materials and methods: Ten maxillary anterior implant patients, 5 with metal abutments and 5 with zirconia abutments, were enrolled in this trial. The soft tissue around the implant abutments was evaluated by 2-dimensional laser speckle imaging and thermography. The blood flow in soft tissue around natural teeth was also measured to correct for differences among the subjects.

Results: Significantly greater blood flow was detected in the zirconia abutment group (95.64 ± 5.17%) relative to the metal abutment group (82.25 ± 8.92%) in free gingiva (P = 0.0317). Reduced blood flow (by almost 18%) was detected in the tissue surrounding metal abutments compared with the tissue surrounding natural teeth. The surface temperature showed no significant difference for all measurements.

Conclusions: These results suggest that blood flow in tissue surrounding zirconia abutments is similar to that in soft tissue around natural teeth. Moreover, zirconia abutments could be advantageous for the maintenance of immune function by improving blood circulation.

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