Tissue engineering

Adv Surg. 2014:48:137-54. doi: 10.1016/j.yasu.2014.05.007.


Ultimately much work remains to be done in the companion fields of biomaterials and stem cells. Nonetheless, the monumental progress in TE that has been reported in the studies summarized here demonstrates that regenerative approaches to problems in general surgery need to be explored in more depth. Furthermore, the surgical disciplines of reconstruction and transplantation need to recognize their research counterparts in TE, given its potential to actualize freedom from immunosuppression, one of the most elusive goals in modern surgery. The engineering and proliferation of autologous cells, tissues, and organs ex vivo before surgical operation can significantly reduce the obstacles current practitioners are intimately familiar with: donor site morbidity and immunologic rejection. Therefore, in addition to the truly exciting research and development prospects and implications for the commercial sector, patients with end-stage diseases and debilitating injury stand to gain the most from clinically adapted TE therapies.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bioartificial Organs
  • Biocompatible Materials
  • Guided Tissue Regeneration
  • Humans
  • Stem Cells
  • Tissue Engineering / methods*
  • Tissue Scaffolds


  • Biocompatible Materials