[Peculicidal Activity of Plant Essential Oils and Their Based Preparations]

Med Parazitol (Mosk). Apr-Jun 2014;(2):37-42.
[Article in Russian]

Abstract

The peculicidal activity of eight plant essential oils in 75% isopropyl alcohol was in vitro investigated. Of them, the substances that were most active against lice were tea tree (Melaleuca), eucalyptus, neem, citronella (Cymbopogon nardus), and clove (Syzygium aromaticum) oils; KT50 was not more than 3 minutes on average; KT95 was 4 minutes. After evaporating the solvent, only five (tea tree, cassia, clove, anise (Anisum vulgare), and Japanese star anise (Illicium anisatum) oils) of the eight test botanical substances were active against lice. At the same time, KT50 and KT95 showed 1.5-5-fold increases. Citronella and anise oils had incomplete ovicidal activity. Since the lice were permethrin-resistant, the efficacy of preparations based on essential oils was much higher than permethrin.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • 2-Propanol
  • Animals
  • Cinnamomum aromaticum / chemistry
  • Clove Oil*
  • Drug Resistance
  • Female
  • Inhibitory Concentration 50
  • Insecticides*
  • Male
  • Oils, Volatile*
  • Pediculus / physiology*
  • Permethrin
  • Pimpinella / chemistry
  • Solvents
  • Tea Tree Oil*
  • Zygote / physiology*

Substances

  • Clove Oil
  • Insecticides
  • Oils, Volatile
  • Solvents
  • Permethrin
  • Tea Tree Oil
  • 2-Propanol