Schistura megalodon species nova, a new river loach from the Irra-waddy basin in Dehong, Yunnan, China (Teleostei: Cypriniformes: Nemacheilidae)

Dongwuxue Yanjiu. 2014 Sep;35(5):353-61. doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2014.5.353.


A new species of river loach, Schistura megalodon sp. nov., is described from the Irrawaddy basin in Yingjiang County, Dehong Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan Province, China. The following combination of diagnostic characters serve to distinguish it from all other congeners in the given zoogeographical region: a large processus dentiformes in the upper jaw, a short pre-anus length of 65.4%-66.3% of SL, long paired fins (pectoral: 20.8%-24.2% of SL; pelvic: 17.9%-20.6% of SL), a wide body of 9.7%-11.3% of SL at anal fin origin, an incomplete lateral line, the absence of an orbital lobe, and a oad and distinct basicaudal bar with forward extensions.

Keywords: Dehong; Irrawaddy; Schistura megalodon; Yunnan.

MeSH terms

  • Animal Distribution*
  • Animals
  • China
  • Cypriniformes / anatomy & histology*
  • Cypriniformes / classification*
  • Cypriniformes / physiology
  • Rivers*