Novel Modulation Method for Multidirectional Matrix Converter

ScientificWorldJournal. 2014;2014:645734. doi: 10.1155/2014/645734. Epub 2014 Sep 14.

Abstract

This study presents a new modulation method for multidirectional matrix converter (MDMC), based on the direct duty ratio pulse width modulation (DDPWM). In this study, a new structure of MDMC has been proposed to control the power flow direction through the stand-alone battery based system and hybrid vehicle. The modulation method acts based on the average voltage over one switching period concept. Therefore, in order to determine the duty ratio for each switch, the instantaneous input voltages are captured and compared with triangular waveform continuously. By selecting the proper switching pattern and changing the slope of the carriers, the sinusoidal input current can be synthesized with high power factor and desired output voltage. The proposed system increases the discharging time of the battery by injecting the power to the system from the generator and battery at the same time. Thus, it makes the battery life longer and saves more energy. This paper also derived necessary equation for proposed modulation method as well as detail of analysis and modulation algorithm. The theoretical and modulation concepts presented have been verified in MATLAB simulation.

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms*
  • Computer Simulation
  • Electric Power Supplies / standards*
  • Electricity*
  • Equipment Design
  • Humans
  • Models, Theoretical*
  • Reproducibility of Results