BAF200 is required for heart morphogenesis and coronary artery development

PLoS One. 2014 Oct 9;9(10):e109493. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0109493. eCollection 2014.


ATP-dependent SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complexes utilize ATP hydrolysis to non-covalently change nucleosome-DNA interactions and are essential in stem cell development, organogenesis, and tumorigenesis. Biochemical studies show that SWI/SNF in mammalian cells can be divided into two subcomplexes BAF and PBAF based on the subunit composition. ARID2 or BAF200 has been defined as an intrinsic subunit of PBAF complex. However, the function of BAF200 in vivo is not clear. To dissect the possible role of BAF200 in regulating embryogenesis and organ development, we generated BAF200 mutant mice and found they were embryonic lethal. BAF200 mutant embryos exhibited multiple cardiac defects including thin myocardium, ventricular septum defect, common atrioventricular valve, and double outlet right ventricle around E14.5. Moreover, we also detected reduced intramyocardial coronary arteries in BAF200 mutants, suggesting that BAF200 is required for proper migration and differentiation of subepicardial venous cells into arterial endothelial cells. Our work revealed that PBAF complex plays a critical role in heart morphogenesis and coronary artery angiogenesis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Differentiation / genetics
  • Cell Differentiation / physiology*
  • Cell Movement / genetics
  • Cell Movement / physiology
  • Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone / genetics
  • Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone / metabolism*
  • Coronary Vessels / growth & development*
  • Coronary Vessels / metabolism
  • Coronary Vessels / physiology*
  • Embryonic Development / genetics
  • Embryonic Development / physiology*
  • Endothelial Cells / metabolism
  • Endothelial Cells / physiology
  • Heart / growth & development*
  • Heart / physiology*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mutation / genetics
  • Myocardium / metabolism
  • Neovascularization, Physiologic / physiology
  • Organogenesis / genetics
  • Organogenesis / physiology
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism*


  • Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone
  • SWI-SNF-B chromatin-remodeling complex
  • Transcription Factors