Infant feeding practices, dietary adequacy, and micronutrient status measures in the MAL-ED study

Clin Infect Dis. 2014 Nov 1;59 Suppl 4(Suppl 4):S248-54. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciu421.


The overall goal of The Etiology, Risk Factors and Interactions of Enteric Infections and Malnutrition and the Consequences for Child Health and Development (MAL-ED) cohort study is to evaluate the roles of repeated enteric infection and poor dietary intakes on the development of malnutrition, poor cognitive development, and diminished immune response. The use of 8 distinct sites for data collection from Latin America, sub-Saharan Africa, and South Asia allow for an examination of these relationships across different environmental contexts. Key to testing study hypotheses is the collection of appropriate data to characterize the dietary intakes and nutritional status of study children from birth through 24 months of age. The focus of the current article is on the collection of data to describe the nature and adequacy of infant feeding, energy and nutrient intakes, and the chosen indicators to capture micronutrient status in children over time.

Keywords: MAL-ED; dietary intake; infant feeding; micronutrients.

MeSH terms

  • Breast Feeding
  • Child, Preschool
  • Developing Countries
  • Energy Intake / physiology
  • Enterobacteriaceae Infections
  • Epidemiologic Research Design*
  • Feeding Behavior / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Intestinal Diseases
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Malnutrition
  • Nutritional Status / physiology*