Supra- and infra-torcular double occipital encephalocele

Neurocirugia (Astur). 2015 Jan-Feb;26(1):43-7. doi: 10.1016/j.neucir.2014.09.002. Epub 2014 Oct 11.


An encephalocele is a protrusion of the brain and/or meninges through a defect in the skull that is closed or covered with skin. Occipital encephaloceles are the most frequent type in North America and Western Europe, where about 85% of encephaloceles take this form. To the best of our knowledge, there are only three other reported cases of double occipital encephaloceles in the literature. The current study reports a double and both supra- and infra-torcular occipital encephalocele in a neonate and discusses the importance of preoperative neuroimaging studies to optimize the outcome. The patient was a 1-day-old male child who was identified by prenatal ultrasound to have two occipital encephaloceles. The patient underwent a closure of the occipital encephalocele on the second postnatal day. The infant tolerated the procedure well and was extubated on the first postoperative day. The child continues to do well during follow-up.

Keywords: Doble encefalocele; Double encephalocele; Infra-torcular; Infratorcular; Occipital; Supra-torcular; Supratorcular; Técnicas de diagnóstico por imagen venoso; Venous imaging.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Encephalocele / pathology*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Occipital Bone