Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation use in patients with traumatic brain injury

Perfusion. 2015 Jul;30(5):407-9. doi: 10.1177/0267659114554327. Epub 2014 Oct 13.


Venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is used for patients with severe, potentially reversible, respiratory failure unresponsive to conventional management. It is relatively contraindicated in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) due to bleeding complications and use of anticoagulation. We report two cases of TBI patients treated with ECMO.

Keywords: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, ECMO; TBI; acute respiratory distress syndrome, ARDS; traumatic brain injury.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Anticoagulants / administration & dosage*
  • Brain Hemorrhage, Traumatic / diagnostic imaging
  • Brain Hemorrhage, Traumatic / physiopathology
  • Brain Hemorrhage, Traumatic / therapy*
  • Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Radiography


  • Anticoagulants