Objective Patients who suffered from an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) boast a low exercise capacity (EC). To enhance EC is a core component of cardiac rehabilitation (CR). The aim of the study was to investigate predictors of exercise capacity to optimize the rehabilitation process in untrained subgroups.
Method: 47 286 patients (mean age 64±11.62, 74.5% male) were enclosed in the TROL registry. All patients underwent a bicycle stress test at admission and discharge. The dependent variable for the univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression was the increase of EC during CR, with a cutoff of 15 Watts (pre/post design). Furthermore comorbidities and physical activity before the index event were analyzed.
Results: Exercise capacity enhancement differs between active and inactive patients significantly (21.84 Watt vs. 16.35 Watt; p<0.001). While a male gender (OR 1.62 [95% CI: 1.51-1.74]) and physical activity before rehabilitation (OR 1.85 [95% CI: 1.75-1.97]) were positive, comorbidities and age (OR 0.82 [95% CI: 0.74-0.90]) were negative predictors.
Conclusion: In cardiac rehabilitation settings special exercise training programs for elderly and comorbid patients are needed, to enhance their exercise capacity sufficiently.
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.