Identification of novel omega-3 fatty acid-derived bioactive metabolites based on a targeted lipidomics approach

J Clin Biochem Nutr. 2014 Sep;55(2):79-84. doi: 10.3164/jcbn.14-18. Epub 2014 Aug 22.


Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids such as eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid have beneficial effects in many inflammatory disorders. Although the mechanism of eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid action is still not fully defined in molecular terms, recent studies have revealed that, during the course of acute inflammation, omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid-derived anti-inflammatory mediators including resolvins and protectins are produced. This review presents recent advances in understanding the formation and action of these mediators, especially focusing on the LC-MS/MS-based lipidomics approach and recently identified bioactive products with potent anti-inflammatory property.

Keywords: anti-inflammation; lipid mediator; metabolomics; omega-3 fatty acid.

Publication types

  • Review