Transmission dynamics and control of Ebola virus disease outbreak in Nigeria, July to September 2014

Euro Surveill. 2014 Oct 9;19(40):20920. doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.es2014.19.40.20920.


We analyse up-to-date epidemiological data of the Ebola virus disease outbreak in Nigeria as of 1 October 2014 in order to estimate the case fatality rate, the proportion of healthcare workers infected and the transmission tree. We also model the impact of control interventions on the size of the epidemic. Results indicate that Nigeria’s quick and forceful implementation of control interventions was determinant in controlling the outbreak rapidly and avoiding a far worse scenario in this country.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Contact Tracing*
  • Disease Outbreaks / prevention & control*
  • Ebolavirus / isolation & purification*
  • Hemorrhagic Fever, Ebola / epidemiology*
  • Hemorrhagic Fever, Ebola / prevention & control
  • Hemorrhagic Fever, Ebola / transmission*
  • Humans
  • Models, Theoretical*
  • Nigeria / epidemiology
  • Public Health Practice
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Stochastic Processes
  • Travel