Mediterranean Diet and Workplace Health Promotion

Curr Cardiovasc Risk Rep. 2014;8(12):416. doi: 10.1007/s12170-014-0416-3.


Analytical and experimental studies confirm relationships between the consumption of certain foods and cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer. Mediterranean diet patterns have long been associated with a reduced risk of major diseases and many favorable health outcomes. Data from observational, longitudinal, and randomized controlled trials have demonstrated that Mediterranean-style diets can improve body mass index and body weight, reduce the incidence of diabetes mellitus and metabolic syndrome risk factors, decrease cardiovascular morbidity and coronary heart disease mortality, as well as decrease all-cause mortality. Recently, efforts have attempted to improve dietary habits in the workplace, by modifying food selection, eating patterns, meal frequency, and the sourcing of meals taken during work. Evidence supporting the Mediterranean diet and the potential cardioprotective role of healthier diets in the workplace are reviewed here, and promising strategies to improve metabolic and cardiovascular health outcomes are also provided.

Keywords: Cancer; Cardiovascular disease; Coronary heart disease; Diabetes; Dietary habits; Dyslipidemia; Health promotion; Mediterranean diet; Metabolic syndrome; Mortality; Myocardial infarction; Occupational health; Workplace.

Publication types

  • Review