Integration of family planning (FP) services into HIV care and increasing male partner involvement in FP are being explored as strategies to reduce unmet need for contraception. Providers' views can give valuable insight into current FP care. We evaluated the perspectives of HIV care providers working at HIV clinics in Nyanza Province, Kenya, on male partner involvement in FP. This qualitative study was part of a cluster-randomized controlled trial evaluating the impact of integrating FP into HIV services on contraceptive prevalence among HIV-positive patients in Nyanza Province, Kenya. Thirty individual interviews were conducted among health-care workers at 11 HIV care facilities in Nyanza Province, Kenya. Interviews were conducted from integrated and control sites one year after implementation of FP/HIV integration. Data were transcribed and analyzed using grounded theory methods and ATLAS-ti. Providers supported male partner inclusion when choosing FP and emphasized that decisions should be made collaboratively. Providers believed that men have traditionally played a prohibitive role in FP but identified several benefits to partner involvement in FP decision-making including: reducing relationship conflicts, improving FP knowledge and contraceptive continuation, and increasing partner cohesion. Providers suggested that integrated FP/HIV services facilitate male partner involvement in FP decision-making since HIV-positive men are already established patients in HIV clinics. Some providers stated that women had a right to choose and start FP alone if their partners did not agree with using FP. Integrated FP services may be a useful strategy to help increase male participation to reduce the unmet FP need in sub-Saharan Africa. It is important to determine effective ways to engage male partners in FP, without impinging upon women's autonomy and reproductive rights.
Keywords: HIV; Kenya; delivery of health care; family planning services; health-care provider; integrated; men.