Congenital heart disease in Down's syndrome patients: a decade of surgical experience

Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1989 Dec;37(6):369-71. doi: 10.1055/s-2007-1020355.


Patients with Down's syndrome represent a significant subset of patients with congenital heart disease. Fifty-five patients with Down's syndrome have undergone surgical treatment for congenital heart disease at our institution in the past decade. Twenty-six had atrioventricular canal, 11 had ventricular septal defect, 7 had secundum atrial septal defect, 7 had tetralogy of Fallot, 3 had primum atrial septal defect and 1 patient had double outlet right ventricle. The thirty day mortality following operative intervention was 16.4%. Mortality was highest for tetralogy of Fallot followed by atrioventricular canal and ventricular septal defect. Long term mortality for all lesions was 27.3% over our follow-up period which averaged 33 months. Thirty day mortality compared similarly to previous reports of surgically treated Down's syndrome patients. When compared to our patients without Down's syndrome, the Down's population did not exhibit an increased risk for surgical treatment of congenital heart disease.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Down Syndrome / complications*
  • Down Syndrome / surgery
  • Endocardial Cushion Defects / mortality
  • Endocardial Cushion Defects / surgery
  • Female
  • Heart Defects, Congenital / complications
  • Heart Defects, Congenital / mortality
  • Heart Defects, Congenital / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Tetralogy of Fallot / mortality
  • Tetralogy of Fallot / surgery