Current use of implantable electrical devices in Sweden: data from the Swedish pacemaker and implantable cardioverter-defibrillator registry

Europace. 2015 Jan;17(1):69-77. doi: 10.1093/europace/euu233. Epub 2014 Oct 21.


Aims: The National Swedish Pacemaker and Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator (ICD) Registry collects prospective data on all pacemaker and ICD implants in Sweden. We aimed to report the 2012 findings of the Registry concerning electrical devices implantation rates and changes over time, 1 year complications, long-term device longevity and patient survival.

Methods and results: Forty-four Swedish implanting centres continuously contribute implantation of pacemakers and ICDs to the Registry by direct data entry on a specific website. Clinical and technical information on 2012 first implants and postoperative complications were analysed and compared with previous years. Patient survival data were obtained from the Swedish population register database. In 2012, the mean pacemaker and ICD first implantation rates were 697 and 136 per million inhabitants, respectively. The number of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) first implantations/million capita was 41 (CRT pacemakers) and 55 (CRT defibrillators), with only a slight increase in CRT-ICD rate compared with 2011. Most device implantations were performed in men. Complication rates for pacemaker and ICD procedures were 5.3 and 10.1% at 1 year, respectively. Device and lead longevity differed among manufacturers. Pacemaker patients were older at the time of first implant and had generally worse survival rate than ICD patients (63 vs. 82% after 5 years).

Conclusion: Pacemaker and ICD implantation rates seem to have reached a level phase in Sweden. Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator and CRT implantation rates are very low and do not reflect guideline indications. Gender differences in CRT and ICD implantations are pronounced. Device and patient survival rates are variable, and should be considered when deciding device type.

Keywords: Cardiac resynchronization therapy; Implant rates; Implantable cardioverter defibrillator; Pacemaker; Registry.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Age Distribution
  • Aged
  • Cardiac Pacing, Artificial / mortality
  • Defibrillators, Implantable / statistics & numerical data*
  • Electric Countershock / mortality
  • Electric Countershock / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Heart Failure / mortality*
  • Heart Failure / prevention & control*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pacemaker, Artificial / statistics & numerical data*
  • Practice Patterns, Physicians'
  • Prosthesis Implantation
  • Registries*
  • Sex Distribution
  • Survival Rate
  • Sweden / epidemiology
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Utilization Review