Contribution of copy-number variation to Down syndrome-associated atrioventricular septal defects

Genet Med. 2015 Jul;17(7):554-60. doi: 10.1038/gim.2014.144. Epub 2014 Oct 23.

Abstract

Purpose: The goal of this study was to identify the contribution of large copy-number variants to Down syndrome-associated atrioventricular septal defects, the risk for which in the trisomic population is 2,000-fold more as compared with that of the general disomic population.

Methods: Genome-wide copy-number variant analysis was performed on 452 individuals with Down syndrome (210 cases with complete atrioventricular septal defects; 242 controls with structurally normal hearts) using Affymetrix SNP 6.0 arrays, making this the largest heart study conducted to date on a trisomic background.

Results: Large, common copy-number variants with substantial effect sizes (OR > 2.0) do not account for the increased risk observed in Down syndrome-associated atrioventricular septal defects. By contrast, cases had a greater burden of large, rare deletions (P < 0.01) and intersected more genes (P < 0.007) as compared with controls. We also observed a suggestive enrichment of deletions intersecting ciliome genes in cases as compared with controls.

Conclusion: Our data provide strong evidence that large, rare deletions increase the risk of Down syndrome-associated atrioventricular septal defects, whereas large, common copy-number variants do not appear to increase the risk of Down syndrome-associated atrioventricular septal defects. The genetic architecture of atrioventricular septal defects is complex and multifactorial in nature.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Case-Control Studies
  • DNA Copy Number Variations*
  • Down Syndrome / complications
  • Down Syndrome / genetics*
  • European Continental Ancestry Group
  • Genetic Association Studies
  • Heart Septal Defects / genetics*
  • Humans

Supplementary concepts

  • Atrioventricular Septal Defect