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Review
. 2015 Jan;47(1):1-6.
doi: 10.3109/00365548.2014.961544. Epub 2014 Oct 24.

Vasculitis and Stroke Due to Lyme Neuroborreliosis - A Review

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Review

Vasculitis and Stroke Due to Lyme Neuroborreliosis - A Review

Joanna Zajkowska et al. Infect Dis (Lond). .

Erratum in

  • Corrigendum.
    Infect Dis (Lond). 2015;47(10):754. doi: 10.3109/23744235.2015.1052307. Epub 2015 May 26. Infect Dis (Lond). 2015. PMID: 26008864 No abstract available.

Abstract

Abstract Lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB) is a rare cause of vasculitis and stroke. It may manifest as subarachnoid hemorrhage, intracerebral hemorrhage, and most often ischemic stroke due to cerebral vasculitis. The vast majority of reported cases have been described by European authors. A high index of suspicion is required in patients who live or have traveled to areas with high prevalence of tick-borne diseases, and in the case of stroke-like symptoms of unknown cause in patients without cardiovascular risk factors. In this review, we also present four illustrative cases of vasculitis and stroke-like manifestations of LNB.

Keywords: Lyme neuroborreliosis; stroke; tick-borne disease; vasculitis.

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