While the field of acute kidney injury (AKI) research has undergone exponential growth over the past 15 years, the topic of renal recovery has only recently garnered much attention. Both lack of standardized renal recovery definitions and lack of systematic assessment of AKI survivors for chronic kidney disease development pose barriers to the complete understanding of the renal recovery epidemiology. In addition, evaluation of pediatric AKI renal recovery is further complicated by the potential AKI effects on renal development as well as a relatively greater renal reserve for younger children. The aims of this review are to review the current state of knowledge in pediatric AKI renal recovery.
2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.