Long unidirectional barbed suturing technique with extracorporeal traction in laparoscopic myomectomy

BMC Surg. 2014 Oct 27;14:84. doi: 10.1186/1471-2482-14-84.

Abstract

Background: Myomectomy is now often performed laparoscopically rather than by laparotomy to alleviate the risk of postoperative adhesions and reduce postoperative pain. However, intracorporeal knot-tying under direct laparoscopy is difficult and requires proficiency. We conducted a retrospective study comparing the results of a long unidirectional barbed suturing technique (with V-Loc180 suture) and the results of conventional suturing as applied to laparoscopic myomectomy.

Methods: In women who underwent laparoscopic myomectomy in our university hospital between January 2011 and April 2013, uninterrupted suturing of 2 or more layers was performed. These women were divided into 2 groups according to the method of suturing: those in whom standard absorbable sutures were used (group P, n =42) and those in whom our suturing technique was used (group V, n =41). Patient characteristics and surgical variables were compared between the 2 groups.

Results: No significant between-group difference was observed in age (p = .975), body mass index (p = .778), GnRHa administration (p = .059), intraoperative vasopressin dose (p = .364), intraoperative blood loss (73.8 ± 64.1 vs. 59.3 ± 54.0 mL, respectively; p = .199), myoma mass (212.6 ± 133.3 vs. 208.3 ± 198.4 g, respectively; p = .134), ΔHb (p = .517), or postoperative hospital stay (p = .314). Operation time (mean ± SD) was significantly shorter for group V (71.2 ± 22.9 minutes; range, 28.0-110.0 minutes; p < .001) than for group P (94.4 ± 27.2 minutes; range, 53.0-165.0 minutes). No patient required intraoperative transfusion or conversion to laparotomy.

Conclusions: Our suturing technique exploits the features of unidirectional barbed sutures and can be used in the same way as the conventional method when performing continuous suturing for laparoscopic myomectomy. Our data suggest that operation time can be reduced by as much as 25% with this new technique.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Laparoscopy / methods*
  • Myoma / surgery*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Suture Techniques*
  • Sutures*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Uterine Myomectomy / methods*
  • Uterine Neoplasms / surgery*