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, 6, 889-97

A Framework for Analyzing Sex-Selective Abortion: The Example of Changing Sex Ratios in Southern Caucasus


A Framework for Analyzing Sex-Selective Abortion: The Example of Changing Sex Ratios in Southern Caucasus

Sophie A Hohmann et al. Int J Womens Health.


The paper proposes a socioeconomic framework of supply, demand, and regulation to explain the development of sex-selective abortion in several parts of the world. The framework is then applied to three countries of southern Caucasus (Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia) where sex-selective abortion has developed since the collapse of the Soviet Union. The authors argue that sex-selective abortion cannot be explained simply by patriarchal social systems, sex discrimination, or son preference. The emphasis is put on the long-term acceptability of abortion in the region, on acceptability of sex-screening by both the medical establishment and by the population, on newly imported techniques of sex-screening, and on the changing demand for children associated with the major economic and social changes that followed the dismantlement of the Soviet Union.

Keywords: Southern Caucasus; demand for children; sex-preference; sex-screening methods; sex-selective abortion; value of children.


Figure 1
Figure 1
Trends in sex-ratio at birth in countries of the Southern Caucasus.

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