Seventeen-year effects of eradicating Helicobacter pylori on the prevention of gastric cancer in patients with peptic ulcer; a prospective cohort study

J Gastroenterol. 2015 Jun;50(6):638-44. doi: 10.1007/s00535-014-1004-5. Epub 2014 Oct 29.

Abstract

Background: We previously reported that eradication of Helicobacter pylori in our cohort of patients with peptic ulcer disease reduced their risk of developing gastric cancer to approximately one-third after a mean follow-up period of 3.4 years (up to 8.6 years). We have now followed these patients for a longer period.

Methods: A total of 1,222 consecutive patients with peptic ulcer diseases who completed more than 1-year follow-up after receiving H. pylori eradication therapy were followed with annual endoscopic surveillance for a mean of 9.9 years (as long as 17.4 years).

Results: H. pylori infection was judged cured in 1,030 patients (eradication-success group) but persisted in 192 (eradication-failure group) after initial eradication therapy. In the eradication-failure group, 114 patients received re-treatment at a mean of 4.4 years after the start of follow-up, and 105 of these were cured of infection. Gastric cancer developed in 21 of the 1,030 patients in the eradication-success group and in nine of the 192 in the failure group (p = 0.04). The risk of developing gastric cancer in the eradication-success group (0.21 %/year) was significantly lower than that in the failure group (0.45 %, p = 0.049). The longest interval between the initial H. pylori eradication and the occurrence of gastric cancer was 14.5 years in the eradication-success group and 13.7 years in the eradication-failure group.

Conclusions: A prophylactic effect for gastric cancer persists for more than 10 years after H. pylori eradication therapy, but we should be aware that cancer can develop even after that interval.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cohort Studies
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Helicobacter Infections / complications
  • Helicobacter Infections / drug therapy*
  • Helicobacter pylori / isolation & purification*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Peptic Ulcer / complications
  • Peptic Ulcer / drug therapy*
  • Peptic Ulcer / microbiology
  • Prospective Studies
  • Stomach Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • Stomach Neoplasms / prevention & control*
  • Time Factors
  • Young Adult