Residential transitions among adults with intellectual disability across 20 years

Am J Intellect Dev Disabil. 2014 Nov;119(6):496-515. doi: 10.1352/1944-7558-119.6.496.


The present study addresses critical gaps in the literature by examining residential transitions among 303 adults with intellectual disability (ID) over 10 years (Part 1) and 75 adults with Down syndrome over 20 years (Part 2). All adults lived at home at the start of the study, but many moved to a variety of settings. Several characteristics of the adults with ID differed across settings, most notably adaptive behavior and the number of residential transitions, whereas characteristics such as age, type of disability, and behavior problems were less predictive of residential placements. The number of moves over the course of the study varied widely, with critical links to earlier family dynamics, social relationships, and health and adaptive behavior.

Keywords: Down syndrome; adults; family dynamics; health; intellectual disability; residential placement; transition.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Down Syndrome / nursing
  • Down Syndrome / psychology
  • Family / psychology
  • Female
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Intellectual Disability / nursing*
  • Intellectual Disability / psychology
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Residence Characteristics*
  • Residential Facilities / statistics & numerical data*
  • Social Support