Aims: The long-term prognosis of subjects with supraventricular premature complexes (SVPCs) remains unclear in the general population. The aim of this study was to examine the prognostic significance of SVPCs in community-based health checkups.
Methods and results: We assessed 63 197 individuals (mean age, 58.8 ± 9.9 years; 67.6% women) who participated in annual community-based health checkups in 1993 and were followed until 2008. The primary endpoint was stroke death, cardiovascular death (CVD), or all-cause death during a 14-year mean follow-up, and the secondary endpoint was first atrial fibrillation (AF) event in subjects without self-reported heart diseases or AF at baseline. Compared with subjects without SVPCs, the multivariate-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) [95% confidence interval (CI)] of stroke death, CVD, and all-cause death in subjects with SVPCs were 1.24 (0.98-1.56) for men and 1.63 (1.30-2.05) for women, 1.22 (1.04-1.44) for men and 1.48 (1.25-1.74) for women, and 1.08 (0.99-1.18) for men and 1.21 (1.09-1.34) for women, respectively. Atrial fibrillation occurred in 386 subjects during the follow-up (1.05/1000 person-years). The presence of SVPCs at baseline was the significant predictor of AF onset [HRs (95% CI): 4.87 (3.61-6.57) for men and 3.87 (2.69-5.57) for women]. Propensity score matched analyses also revealed the presence of SVPCs was significantly associated with increased risks of AF incidence and CVD even after adjusting the potential confounders.
Conclusion: The presence of SVPCs in 12-lead electrocardiograms was a strong predictor of AF development, and associated with increased risk of CVD in general population.
Keywords: Atrial fibrillation; Electrocardiogram; Mortality; Supraventricular premature complex.
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