Two-mode thermal-noise squeezing in an electromechanical resonator

Phys Rev Lett. 2014 Oct 17;113(16):167203. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.167203. Epub 2014 Oct 17.


An electromechanical resonator is developed in which mechanical nonlinearities can be dynamically engineered to emulate the nondegenerate parametric down-conversion interaction. In this configuration, phonons are simultaneously generated in pairs in two macroscopic vibration modes, resulting in the amplification of their motion. In parallel, two-mode thermal squeezed states are also created, which exhibit fluctuations below the thermal motion of their constituent modes as well as harboring correlations between the modes that become almost perfect as their amplification is increased. The existence of correlations between two massive phonon ensembles paves the way towards an entangled macroscopic mechanical system at the single phonon level.