We present a percutaneous modified technique to access large thoracic vertebral body lytic lesions, to increase the volume of tumor accessible to ablation, prior to cement augmentation. Tumor ablation and cavity creation-assisted percutaneous vertebroplasty was considered a palliative measure for structural stabilization in plasmocytoma involvement of the entire T8 vertebral body. Given the extent of osteolysis bilateral combined transpedicular and extrapedicular access to the vertebral body was undertaken to maximize the volume of cavity creation within the tumor. The combined transpedicular and extrapedicular access was feasible, uncomplicated, and successful in reaching all the quadrants of the anterior two thirds of the vertebral body. Slow, fluoroscopically monitored injection of high-viscosity cement resulted in a successful, desired cement distribution into the anterior two thirds of the vertebral body, spanning superior to inferior endplates, providing structural stability, in the absence of venous or epidural leakage. The technical modification described in this case yielded positive results while overcoming some of the limitations of the existing coblation device. This approach may offer an option for cement augmentation of extensive vertebral body lytic lesions, at increased risk for tumor displacement and extra-vertebral cement leakage.
Keywords: coblation; osteolytic lesion; plasmocytoma; spine tumor; tumor ablation; vertebroplasty.