Relative differences in strength and power from slow to fast isokinetic velocities may reflect dynapenia

Muscle Nerve. 2015 Jul;52(1):120-30. doi: 10.1002/mus.24505.


Introduction: We compared absolute and normalized values for peak torque (PT), mean power (MP), rate of velocity development, and electromyography (EMG) amplitude during maximal isometric and concentric isokinetic leg extension muscle actions, as well as the %decrease in PT and %increase in MP from 1.05 to 3.14 rad·s(-1) in younger versus older men.

Methods: Measurements were performed twice for reliability. Isokinetic measurements were normalized to the isometric muscle actions.

Results: Absolute isometric PT, isokinetic PT and MP, and EMG amplitudes at 1.05 and 3.14 rad·s(-1) were greater in the younger men, although normalizing to isometric PT eliminated the age differences. The older men exhibited greater %decrease in PT (37.2% vs. 31.3%) and lower %increase in MP (87.6% vs. 126.4%) regardless of normalization.

Conclusions: Normalization eliminated absolute differences in isokinetic strength and power, but the relative differences from slow to fast velocities may reflect dynapenia characterized by age-related decreases in fast-twitch fiber function.

Keywords: EMG; normalization; power-velocity; reliability; sarcopenia; torque-velocity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Electromyography
  • Humans
  • Leg / innervation
  • Male
  • Muscle Contraction / physiology*
  • Muscle Strength / physiology*
  • Muscle Strength Dynamometer
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiology*
  • Sarcopenia / diagnosis*
  • Sarcopenia / physiopathology*
  • Torque
  • Young Adult