Reduction of 7-alkoxyresorufins by NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase and its differential effects on their O-dealkylation by rat liver microsomal cytochrome P450

Arch Biochem Biophys. 1989 Feb 1;268(2):617-29. doi: 10.1016/0003-9861(89)90329-9.


Antibody-inhibition experiments established that the induction of cytochrome P450c is largely responsible for the marked increase in liver microsomal 7-ethoxyresorufin O-dealkylation in rats treated with 3-methylcholanthrene, whereas the induction of cytochrome P450b and/or P450e is largely responsible for the marked increase in 7-pentoxy- and 7-benzyloxyresorufin O-dealkylation in rats treated with phenobarbital. When reconstituted with NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase and lipid, purified cytochrome P450c catalyzed the O-dealkylation of 7-ethoxyresorufin at a rate of approximately 30 nmol/nmol P450/min, which far exceeded the rate catalyzed by either purified cytochromes P450b and P450e or microsomal cytochrome P450c. In contrast, purified cytochrome P450b and P450e were poor catalysts of the O-dealkylation of 7-pentoxy- and 7-benzyloxyresorufin. However, purified cytochrome P450b is an excellent catalyst of several other reactions, such as the N-demethylation of benzphetamine, the hydroxylation of testosterone, and the O-dealkylation of 7-ethoxycoumarin. The low rate of 7-pentoxyresorufin O-dealkylation catalyzed by purified cytochrome P450b did not reflect a requirement for cytochrome b5, and could not be ascribed to an artifact of the method used to measure the formation of resourufin. The catalytic activity of purified cytochrome P450b toward 7-pentoxyresorufin was consistently low over a range of substrate and lipid concentrations, and was not stimulated by sodium deoxycholate (which stimulates the N-demethylation of benzphatamine by purified cytochrome P450b). Evidence is presented which indicates that cytochrome P450c catalyzes the O-dealkylation of both the oxidized and reduced forms of 7-ethoxyresorufin, with perhaps a slight preference for the reduced form. In contrast, cytochrome P450b preferentially catalyzes the O-dealkylation of the oxidized form of 7-pentoxyresorufin. Conditions that favored formation of the reduced form of 7-ethoxyresorufin tended to stimulate its O-dealkylation by purified cytochrome P450c, whereas conditions that favored formation of the reduced form of 7-pentoxyresorufin decreased its rate of O-dealkylation by purified cytochrome P450b. Such conditions included a molar excess of NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase over cytochrome P450, the presence of superoxide dismutase, and the presence of DT-diaphorase (liver cytosol).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antigen-Antibody Reactions
  • Benzene Derivatives / pharmacology
  • Catalase / pharmacology
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / metabolism*
  • Kinetics
  • Lipid Metabolism
  • Microsomes, Liver / metabolism*
  • NAD(P)H Dehydrogenase (Quinone)
  • NADPH-Ferrihemoprotein Reductase / metabolism*
  • Oxazines / metabolism*
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Quinone Reductases / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Structure-Activity Relationship
  • Superoxide Dismutase / pharmacology
  • Superoxides / metabolism


  • Benzene Derivatives
  • Oxazines
  • Superoxides
  • ethoxyresorufin
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
  • Catalase
  • Superoxide Dismutase
  • NADPH-Ferrihemoprotein Reductase
  • NAD(P)H Dehydrogenase (Quinone)
  • Quinone Reductases
  • cumene hydroperoxide