Role of the DHH1 gene in the regulation of monocarboxylic acids transporters expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

PLoS One. 2014 Nov 3;9(11):e111589. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0111589. eCollection 2014.


Previous experiments revealed that DHH1, a RNA helicase involved in the regulation of mRNA stability and translation, complemented the phenotype of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutant affected in the expression of genes coding for monocarboxylic-acids transporters, JEN1 and ADY2 (Paiva S, Althoff S, Casal M, Leao C. FEMS Microbiol Lett, 1999, 170:301-306). In wild type cells, JEN1 expression had been shown to be undetectable in the presence of glucose or formic acid, and induced in the presence of lactate. In this work, we show that JEN1 mRNA accumulates in a dhh1 mutant, when formic acid was used as sole carbon source. Dhh1 interacts with the decapping activator Dcp1 and with the deadenylase complex. This led to the hypothesis that JEN1 expression is post-transcriptionally regulated by Dhh1 in formic acid. Analyses of JEN1 mRNAs decay in wild-type and dhh1 mutant strains confirmed this hypothesis. In these conditions, the stabilized JEN1 mRNA was associated to polysomes but no Jen1 protein could be detected, either by measurable lactate carrier activity, Jen1-GFP fluorescence detection or western blots. These results revealed the complexity of the expression regulation of JEN1 in S. cerevisiae and evidenced the importance of DHH1 in this process. Additionally, microarray analyses of dhh1 mutant indicated that Dhh1 plays a large role in metabolic adaptation, suggesting that carbon source changes triggers a complex interplay between transcriptional and post-transcriptional effects.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Physiological
  • DEAD-box RNA Helicases / genetics*
  • DEAD-box RNA Helicases / metabolism*
  • Formates / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal*
  • Genome-Wide Association Study
  • Monocarboxylic Acid Transporters / genetics*
  • Monocarboxylic Acid Transporters / metabolism
  • Mutation
  • Polyribosomes / metabolism
  • RNA Stability
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / growth & development
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / metabolism*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / genetics*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / metabolism*
  • Symporters / genetics
  • Symporters / metabolism


  • Formates
  • JEN1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Monocarboxylic Acid Transporters
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Symporters
  • formic acid
  • DHH1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • DEAD-box RNA Helicases

Grant support

This study was supported by the Portuguese grant POCI/BIA-BCM/57812/2004 (Eixo 2, Medida 2.3, QCAIII – FEDER). N.V. received a FCT PhD fellowship (SFRH/BD/23503/2005). S.M. received a FCT PhD fellowship (SFRH/BD/74790/2010). F.D.’s work is supported by a grant from the Agence pour la Recherche contre le Cancer (ARC). Support to C.B.M.A. by FEDER through POFC-COMPETE and by Portuguese funds from FCT through the project PEst-OE/BIA/UI4050/2014 is also acknowledged. The authors thank Josette Banroques and Kyle Tanner for their advice regarding polysome gradients. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.