Post-transcriptional gene regulation (PTGR) concerns processes involved in the maturation, transport, stability and translation of coding and non-coding RNAs. RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) and ribonucleoproteins coordinate RNA processing and PTGR. The introduction of large-scale quantitative methods, such as next-generation sequencing and modern protein mass spectrometry, has renewed interest in the investigation of PTGR and the protein factors involved at a systems-biology level. Here, we present a census of 1,542 manually curated RBPs that we have analysed for their interactions with different classes of RNA, their evolutionary conservation, their abundance and their tissue-specific expression. Our analysis is a critical step towards the comprehensive characterization of proteins involved in human RNA metabolism.