The mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (TORC1) senses nutrient availability to regulate eukaryotic anabolic metabolism. In response to limiting concentrations of amino acids, TORC1 kinase activity is inhibited through the GATOR-1 complex. Mutations in DEPDC5, that encodes one of the components of the GATOR-1 complex, have recently been associated with different forms of focal epilepsy. Here, we investigate the effects of 10 DEPDC5 variants identified in individuals with focal epilepsy and two DEPDC5 variants identified in serous ovarian tumors, on TORC1 signaling and GATOR-1 complex formation. According to our functional assessment, three variants clearly disrupted the DEPDC5-dependent inhibition of TORC1. We did not obtain functional evidence to support pathogenicity in the remaining cases. The observed functional differences between the DEPDC5 variants might underlie some of the clinical differences observed in the individuals carrying the different variants.
Keywords: DEPDC5; TORC1 signaling; focal epilepsy; functional studies.
© 2014 WILEY PERIODICALS, INC.