Liraglutide: A Review of Its Use in Adult Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Drugs. 2014 Dec;74(18):2161-74. doi: 10.1007/s40265-014-0321-6.

Abstract

Subcutaneous liraglutide (Victoza(®)), a glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonist, is approved for the treatment of adult patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Once-daily liraglutide, as monotherapy or add-on therapy to other antidiabetic agents (including basal insulin), was an effective and generally well tolerated treatment in adult patients with type 2 diabetes in several well-designed phase III trials and in the real world clinical practice setting. In addition to improving glycaemic control, liraglutide had beneficial effects on bodyweight, systolic blood pressure and surrogate measures of β-cell function in clinical trials, with these benefits maintained during long-term treatment (≤2 years). Liraglutide has a convenient once-daily administration regimen, a low potential for drug-drug interactions and low propensity to cause hypoglycaemia. Thus, liraglutide continues to be a useful option for the management of type 2 diabetes. This article reviews the therapeutic use of liraglutide in adult patients with type 2 diabetes and summarizes its pharmacological properties.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Biological Availability
  • Blood Pressure / drug effects
  • Body Weight / drug effects
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / drug therapy*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / metabolism
  • Glucagon-Like Peptide 1 / analogs & derivatives*
  • Glucagon-Like Peptide 1 / metabolism
  • Glucagon-Like Peptide 1 / pharmacology
  • Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Receptor
  • Humans
  • Hypoglycemia / chemically induced
  • Hypoglycemia / prevention & control
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / pharmacology
  • Liraglutide
  • Receptors, Glucagon / agonists*
  • Treatment Outcome

Substances

  • GLP1R protein, human
  • Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Receptor
  • Hypoglycemic Agents
  • Receptors, Glucagon
  • Liraglutide
  • Glucagon-Like Peptide 1