Background: The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of osthole on cell proliferation and viability, cell-cycle progression and induction of apoptosis in human laryngeal cancer RK33 and human medulloblastoma TE671 cell lines.
Materials and methods: Cell viability was measured by means of the MTT method and cell proliferation by the 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation assay. Cell-cycle progression was determined by flow cytometry, and induction of apoptosis by release of oligonucleosomes to the cytosol. The gene expression was estimated by a quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) method. High-performance counter-current chromatography (HPCCC) was applied for isolation of osthole from fruits of Mutellina purpurea.
Results: Osthole decreased proliferation and cell viability of cancer cells in a dose-dependent manner. The tested compound induced apoptosis, increased the cell numbers in G1 and decreased cell number in S/G2 phases of the cell cycle, differentially regulating CDKN1A and TP53 gene expression depending on cancer cell type.
Conclusion: Osthole could be considered as a potential compound for cancer therapy and chemoprevention.
Keywords: Osthole; RK33; TE671 cells; apoptosis; cell cycle; high-performance counter-current chromatography; proliferation.
Copyright© 2014 International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. John G. Delinassios), All rights reserved.