Effects of nicks on repair of single-stranded loops in heteroduplex DNA in mammalian cells

Somat Cell Mol Genet. 1989 Jan;15(1):13-8. doi: 10.1007/BF01534665.


Heteroduplexes that contain single-stranded loops are repaired very efficiently in mammalian cells. The strand that does not contain the loop is used as the template strand for repair nearly twice as often as the looped strand. In this study we tested the influence of nearby nicks on the choice of template strand. We find that strand selection in repair of heteroduplexes with single-stranded loops is influenced by the presence of a nick located 71 or 125 base pairs from the loop, but only to a minor degree. Thus the loop itself is a stronger signal for repair than is a nearby nick. On the other hand, if a break is introduced into the single strand that forms the loop, the looped strand is marked for excision and rarely, if ever, is used as the template for repair.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Line
  • DNA / physiology*
  • DNA / ultrastructure
  • DNA Repair*
  • DNA, Single-Stranded / physiology*
  • Mammals / genetics
  • Nucleic Acid Heteroduplexes / physiology*
  • Nucleic Acid Heteroduplexes / ultrastructure
  • Simian virus 40 / genetics


  • DNA, Single-Stranded
  • Nucleic Acid Heteroduplexes
  • DNA