3-Deazaadenosine 5'-triphosphate: a novel metabolite of 3-deazaadenosine in mouse leukocytes

Biochem Pharmacol. 1989 Feb 1;38(3):509-17. doi: 10.1016/0006-2952(89)90392-4.


Evidence has been obtained for the metabolic formation of small amounts (1-2% of the ATP pool) of 3-deazaadenosine 5'-triphosphate (c3ATP) from 3-deazaadenosine (c3Ado) in mouse cytolytic lymphocytes and mouse resident peritoneal macrophages. With intact leukocytes, pharmacological evidence was obtained that adenosine kinase was not the enzyme chiefly responsible for the phosphorylation of c3Ado. Moreover, in the presence of MgCl2, NaCl and IMP, purified rat liver 5'-nucleotidase catalyzed the phosphorylation of c3Ado to 3-deazaadenosine 5'-monophosphate (c3AMP). Two lines of evidence suggest that the metabolic formation of c3ATP is not involved in the inhibition of leukocyte function caused by c3Ado. First, the inhibitory action of c3Ado on antibody-dependent phagocytosis and lymphocyte-mediated cytolysis was reversed markedly upon removal of the drug from the medium. However, the intracellular content of c3ATP remained constant in lymphocytes and macrophages after removal of c3Ado. Second, in macrophages and in lymphocytes, similar intracellular amounts of c3ATP were formed from both c3Ado and 3-deazaadenine under conditions in which the former was biologically active and the latter was essentially inactive. Thus, it appears unlikely that the novel c3ATP metabolite is of relevance for the mechanism of action of c3Ado in mouse leukocytes.

MeSH terms

  • 5'-Nucleotidase
  • Adenosine Triphosphate / metabolism*
  • Aminoglycosides
  • Animals
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / metabolism*
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Lymphocytes / drug effects
  • Lymphocytes / metabolism*
  • Macrophages / drug effects
  • Macrophages / metabolism*
  • Mice
  • Nucleotidases / pharmacology
  • Phosphorylation
  • Tubercidin / metabolism*
  • Tubercidin / pharmacology


  • Aminoglycosides
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • 3-deazaadenosine
  • Adenosine Triphosphate
  • Nucleotidases
  • 5'-Nucleotidase
  • Tubercidin