Endocytosis and the Src family of non-receptor tyrosine kinases

Biomol Concepts. 2014 May;5(2):143-55. doi: 10.1515/bmc-2014-0003.

Abstract

The regulated intracellular transport of nutrient, adhesion, and growth factor receptors is crucial for maintaining cell and tissue homeostasis. Endocytosis, or endocytic membrane trafficking, involves the steps of intracellular transport that include, but are not limited to, internalization from the plasma membrane, sorting in early endosomes, transport to late endosomes/lysosomes followed by degradation, and/or recycling back to the plasma membrane through tubular recycling endosomes. In addition to regulating the localization of transmembrane receptor proteins, the endocytic pathway also controls the localization of non-receptor molecules. The non-receptor tyrosine kinase c-Src (Src) and its closely related family members Yes and Fyn represent three proteins whose localization and signaling activities are tightly regulated by endocytic trafficking. Here, we provide a brief overview of endocytosis, Src function and its biochemical regulation. We will then concentrate on recent advances in understanding how Src intracellular localization is regulated and how its subcellular localization ultimately dictates downstream functioning. As Src kinases are hyperactive in many cancers, it is essential to decipher the spatiotemporal regulation of this important family of tyrosine kinases.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Actins / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Endocytosis*
  • Endosomal Sorting Complexes Required for Transport / metabolism
  • Endosomes / metabolism
  • Focal Adhesions / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Integrins / metabolism
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Transport
  • Signal Transduction
  • rho GTP-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • src-Family Kinases / metabolism*

Substances

  • Actins
  • Endosomal Sorting Complexes Required for Transport
  • Integrins
  • src-Family Kinases
  • rho GTP-Binding Proteins