Filtered molasses concentrate from sugar cane: natural functional ingredient effective in lowering the glycaemic index and insulin response of high carbohydrate foods

Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2014 Dec;69(4):310-6. doi: 10.1007/s11130-014-0446-5.


An aqueous filtered molasses concentrate (FMC) sourced from sugar cane was used as a functional ingredient in a range of carbohydrate-containing foods to reduce glycaemic response. When compared to untreated controls, postprandial glucose responses in the test products were reduced 5-20%, assessed by accredited glycaemic index (GI) testing. The reduction in glucose response in the test foods was dose-dependent and directly proportional to the ratio of FMC added to the amount of available carbohydrate in the test products. The insulin response to the foods was also reduced with FMC addition as compared to untreated controls. Inclusion of FMC in test foods did not replace any formulation ingredients; it was incorporated as an additional ingredient to existing formulations. Filtered molasses concentrate, made by a proprietary and patented process, contains many naturally occurring compounds. Some of the identified compounds are known to influence carbohydrate metabolism, and include phenolic compounds, minerals and organic acids. FMC, sourced from a by-product of sugar cane processing, shows potential as a natural functional ingredient capable of modifying carbohydrate metabolism and contributing to GI reduction of processed foods and beverages.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism*
  • Diet*
  • Dietary Carbohydrates / metabolism*
  • Functional Food
  • Glycemic Index*
  • Humans
  • Insulin / metabolism*
  • Molasses*
  • Postprandial Period
  • Saccharum* / chemistry
  • Young Adult


  • Blood Glucose
  • Dietary Carbohydrates
  • Insulin