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, 19 (1), 185-8

Functional Expression of CD28 on T Cell Antigen Receptor Gamma/Delta-Bearing T Lymphocytes

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Functional Expression of CD28 on T Cell Antigen Receptor Gamma/Delta-Bearing T Lymphocytes

R Testi et al. Eur J Immunol.

Abstract

T lymphocytes express a T cell antigen receptor (TcR) complex composed of either an TcR alpha/beta or TcR gamma/delta heterodimer in noncovalent association with the CD3 glycoproteins. CD28, a 44-kDa disulfide-linked homodimer, is present on the surface of the majority of TcR alpha/beta-bearing T lymphocytes. Monoclonal antibodies (mAb) directed against CD28 potentiate activation signals delivered through the CD3/TcR alpha/beta complex. Herein, we demonstrate that CD28 is expressed on approximately 40%-60% of TcR gamma/delta-bearing T lymphocytes in most donors. Anti-CD28 mAb substantially augmented proliferative signals delivered through the TcR gamma/delta, demonstrating the presence of functional CD28 molecules on TcR gamma/delta-bearing T lymphocytes. The majority of TcR gamma/delta+ thymocytes also expressed CD28.

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