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, 346 (6210), 763-7

Phylogenomics Resolves the Timing and Pattern of Insect Evolution

Bernhard Misof  1 Shanlin Liu  2 Karen Meusemann  3 Ralph S Peters  4 Alexander Donath  5 Christoph Mayer  5 Paul B Frandsen  6 Jessica Ware  7 Tomáš Flouri  8 Rolf G Beutel  9 Oliver Niehuis  5 Malte Petersen  5 Fernando Izquierdo-Carrasco  8 Torsten Wappler  10 Jes Rust  10 Andre J Aberer  8 Ulrike Aspöck  11 Horst Aspöck  12 Daniela Bartel  13 Alexander Blanke  14 Simon Berger  8 Alexander Böhm  13 Thomas R Buckley  15 Brett Calcott  16 Junqing Chen  17 Frank Friedrich  18 Makiko Fukui  19 Mari Fujita  20 Carola Greve  5 Peter Grobe  5 Shengchang Gu  17 Ying Huang  2 Lars S Jermiin  21 Akito Y Kawahara  22 Lars Krogmann  23 Martin Kubiak  18 Robert Lanfear  24 Harald Letsch  25 Yiyuan Li  2 Zhenyu Li  17 Jiguang Li  17 Haorong Lu  17 Ryuichiro Machida  20 Yuta Mashimo  20 Pashalia Kapli  26 Duane D McKenna  27 Guanliang Meng  2 Yasutaka Nakagaki  20 José Luis Navarrete-Heredia  28 Michael Ott  29 Yanxiang Ou  17 Günther Pass  13 Lars Podsiadlowski  30 Hans Pohl  9 Björn M von Reumont  31 Kai Schütte  32 Kaoru Sekiya  20 Shota Shimizu  20 Adam Slipinski  33 Alexandros Stamatakis  34 Wenhui Song  2 Xu Su  2 Nikolaus U Szucsich  13 Meihua Tan  2 Xuemei Tan  17 Min Tang  2 Jingbo Tang  17 Gerald Timelthaler  13 Shigekazu Tomizuka  20 Michelle Trautwein  35 Xiaoli Tong  36 Toshiki Uchifune  37 Manfred G Walzl  13 Brian M Wiegmann  38 Jeanne Wilbrandt  5 Benjamin Wipfler  9 Thomas K F Wong  21 Qiong Wu  2 Gengxiong Wu  17 Yinlong Xie  17 Shenzhou Yang  2 Qing Yang  2 David K Yeates  33 Kazunori Yoshizawa  39 Qing Zhang  2 Rui Zhang  2 Wenwei Zhang  17 Yunhui Zhang  17 Jing Zhao  2 Chengran Zhou  2 Lili Zhou  2 Tanja Ziesmann  5 Shijie Zou  17 Yingrui Li  17 Xun Xu  17 Yong Zhang  2 Huanming Yang  17 Jian Wang  17 Jun Wang  40 Karl M Kjer  41 Xin Zhou  42
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Phylogenomics Resolves the Timing and Pattern of Insect Evolution

Bernhard Misof et al. Science.

Abstract

Insects are the most speciose group of animals, but the phylogenetic relationships of many major lineages remain unresolved. We inferred the phylogeny of insects from 1478 protein-coding genes. Phylogenomic analyses of nucleotide and amino acid sequences, with site-specific nucleotide or domain-specific amino acid substitution models, produced statistically robust and congruent results resolving previously controversial phylogenetic relations hips. We dated the origin of insects to the Early Ordovician [~479 million years ago (Ma)], of insect flight to the Early Devonian (~406 Ma), of major extant lineages to the Mississippian (~345 Ma), and the major diversification of holometabolous insects to the Early Cretaceous. Our phylogenomic study provides a comprehensive reliable scaffold for future comparative analyses of evolutionary innovations among insects.

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