Endophthalmitis Following Pars Plana Vitrectomy: A Literature Review of Incidence, Causative Organisms, and Treatment Outcomes

Clin Ophthalmol. 2014 Oct 31;8:2183-8. doi: 10.2147/OPTH.S71293. eCollection 2014.


Endophthalmitis following pars plana vitrectomy is a very uncommon cause of endophthalmitis. Cases reported over the last decade show a decrease in incidence over time. To optimize visual outcome, early diagnosis and treatment are essential. In this review we report a summary of the incidence of endophthalmitis following vitrectomy, various risk factors for their occurrence, the microbiological profile and the visual outcomes post treatment.

Keywords: endophthalmitis; pars plana vitrectomy; prophylaxis; risk factors; sutureless vitrectomy; visual outcome.

Publication types

  • Review