Electrochemically reduced water protects neural cells from oxidative damage

Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2014:2014:869121. doi: 10.1155/2014/869121. Epub 2014 Oct 14.


Aging-related neurodegenerative disorders are closely associated with mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stresses and their incidence tends to increase with aging. Brain is the most vulnerable to reactive species generated by a higher rate of oxygen consumption and glucose utilization compared to other organs. Electrochemically reduced water (ERW) was demonstrated to scavenge reactive oxygen species (ROS) in several cell types. In the present study, the protective effect of ERW against hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and nitric oxide (NO) was investigated in several rodent neuronal cell lines and primary cells. ERW was found to significantly suppress H2O2 (50-200 μM) induced PC12 and SFME cell deaths. ERW scavenged intracellular ROS and exhibited a protective effect against neuronal network damage caused by 200 μM H2O2 in N1E-115 cells. ERW significantly suppressed NO-induced cytotoxicity in PC12 cells despite the fact that it did not have the ability to scavenge intracellular NO. ERW significantly suppressed both glutamate induced Ca(2+) influx and the resulting cytotoxicity in primary cells. These results collectively demonstrated for the first time that ERW protects several types of neuronal cells by scavenging ROS because of the presence of hydrogen and platinum nanoparticles dissolved in ERW.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Electrochemistry / methods
  • Hydrogen Peroxide / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Mice
  • Neurodegenerative Diseases / prevention & control*
  • Neurons / drug effects*
  • Neurons / metabolism
  • Nitric Oxide / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Oxidative Stress / drug effects*
  • Reactive Oxygen Species / metabolism
  • Water / administration & dosage*
  • Water / chemistry
  • Water Purification / methods*


  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • Water
  • Nitric Oxide
  • Hydrogen Peroxide