It was shown in the present study that the selective non-competitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonist MK-801 [(+)-5-methyl-10,11-dihydroxy-5H-dibenzo(a,d)cyclohepten-5,10-imin e] caused a pronounced and dose-dependent increase in locomotion in mice pretreated with a combination of reserpine and alpha-methyl-para-tyrosine. Haloperidol pretreatment did not antagonize the MK-801-induced stimulation of locomotion. The findings are discussed in relation to the concept of a corticostriatothalamocortical negative feedback loop serving to protect the cortex from an overload of information and hyperarousal. Such a feedback loop would encompass i.a. corticostriatal glutamatergic neurons and it would be modulated by mesencephalostriatal dopaminergic neurons.