VII. The history of physical activity and academic performance research: informing the future

Monogr Soc Res Child Dev. 2014 Dec;79(4):119-48. doi: 10.1111/mono.12133.


The study of physical activity, physical fitness, and academic performance research are reviewed from a historical perspective, by providing an overview of existing publications focused on children and adolescents. Using rigorous inclusion criteria, the studies were quantified and qualified using both meta-analytic and descriptive evaluations analyses, first by time-period and then as an overall summary, particularly focusing on secular trends and future directions. This review is timely because the body of literature is growing exponentially, resulting in the emergence of new terminology, methodologies, and identification of mediating and moderating factors. Implications and recommendations for future research are summarized.

Publication types

  • Historical Article
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Databases, Bibliographic
  • Educational Status*
  • History, 20th Century
  • History, 21st Century
  • Humans
  • Motor Activity / physiology*
  • Physical Fitness / physiology*
  • Research / history
  • Sedentary Behavior*